Only tuberculosis (TB) infected applicants applying for visas and immigration to the US have to undergo chest X-rays.
A blood test will be performed to determine whether or not an applicant is infected with TB. The x-ray is obtained to determine whether or not a TB-infected applicant is contagious.
Applicants determined not to be contagious may proceed with their immigration medical exams and arrange for treatment on their own.
Applicants with questionable X-ray findings must undergo further testing with the local health department.
Applicants determined to be contagious must undergo treatment under the supervision of a lung specialist and the health department before proceeding any further with their immigration medical exams.
The process of X-rays for immigration medical exams is quite simple.
The applicant has to change into a gown. No metal objects are to be on the body, including watches, pins, jewelry, etc. Bras must not have metal underwires or clasps if they are worn during the x-ray examination.
The radiology technologist will ask the applicant to stand with the chest against an upright board. The applicant must stay still, and take a deep breath, and hold it while the X-ray continues.
Generally, only a front view of the chest is screened.
Once the radiologist or x-ray specialist confirms that the image quality is good, the radiologist generates a report that is sent directly to the immigration doctor’s office.
Also read: How Is Tuberculosis Linked to Immigrants
While carrying out a chest X-ray for immigration, there is some radiation exposure. It applies to other imaging procedures as well.
Therefore, there are certain things that radiology technologist needs to know before getting the X-ray done:
Once the X-ray is completed, the radiologist interprets the results and generates a report for the civil surgeon.
The civil surgeon then reviews and further interprets the report and documents the results.
The civil surgeon, not the radiologist, is the subject matter expert and final interpretation authority.
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